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Socialization

Socialization

Socialization is how people develop their personalities based on the circumstances around them (Hurrelmann, 1994; Tietjens, 2019). It happens throughout your whole life and helps you become good at interacting with others. Society affects individuals and individuals affect society (Bronfenbrenner, 1981). Different groups of people look at socialization in different ways. Some think it’s important to learn the rules and norms of society, while others focus on how people develop and interact with society (Tietjens, 2019). In education, socialization is important because it helps people grow and learn in both formal and informal settings. Different parts of our environment, like family, friends, school, and sports teams, all help shape who we are (Bronfenbrenner, 1981). People also adapt their interests and skills to fit with their beliefs and abilities. The socialization process is not one-way; it’s a two-way street. In physical activities and sports, there are three different ideas about how socialization works: the socialization hypothesis, the selection hypothesis, and the interaction hypothesis (Tietjens, 2019).

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1981). Die O ̈kologie der menschlichen Entwicklung: Natu ̈rliche und geplante Experimente (The ecology of human development: natural and planned experi- ments). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
Hurrelmann, K. (1994). Einfu ̈ hrung in die Sozialisationstheorie: U ̈ ber den Zusammenhang von Sozialstruktur und Perso ̈nlichkeit (Introduction to socialisa- tion theory: The relation of social structure and personality). Weinheim: Beltz.
Tajfel, H. (1978). Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the social psychology of intergroup relations. London Press.
Tietjens, M. (2019). In D. Hackfort, R. J. Schinke, & B. Strauss (Eds.), Dictionary of sport psychology: Sport, exercise, and performing arts. Academic Press.